Let’s To Know Korean Dialect (사투리)

First we should to know what dialect is.

What is a dialect?
1. A regional variety of language: a regional variety of a language, with differences in vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation

2. A language spoken by class or profession: a form of a language spoken by members of a particular social class or profession.

What’s the different with accent?

A manner of pronunciation: a way of pronouncing words that indicates the place of origin or social background of the speaker.

Have you ever know about Korean dialect?

How far? Let’s share here~^^

I put together from so many sources to make this article. So, we can learn together about Korean dialect here.

Sorry, if I have wrong on my article, correct me^^

Let’s get started!

A number of different Korean dialects are spoken in the Korean peninsula. The peninsula is extremely mountainous, and each dialect’s “territory” corresponds closely to the natural boundaries between different geographical regions. Most of the dialects are named for one of Korea’s traditional Eight Provinces.

In South Korea, Standard Korean is defined by the National Institute of the Korean Language as “the modern speech of Seoul widely used by the well-cultivated” (교양있는 사람들이 두루 쓰는 현대 서울말). In practice, it tends not to include features that are found exclusively in Seoul.

Image

Korea is a mountainous country, and Korean is consequently divided into numerous small local dialects. There are few clear demarcations, so dialect classification is necessarily to some extent arbitrary. Nonetheless, the following divisions are commonly cited in the literature:

  • Hamgyŏng dialects (함경 방언), also called Northeastern dialects. Spoken in the Hamgyŏng (Kwanbuk & Kwannam) region, northeast corner of P’yŏng’an, and Ryanggang Province of North Korea as well as the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture of northeast China (in Jilin). Nine vowels: the eight of the standard language plus ö.
    • Northwestern dialects
      • P’yŏng’an dialects (평안방언). Spoken in P’yŏngyang (though not the basis of the official language), the P’yŏng’an region, Chagang Province, and neighboring Liaoning Province of China.
      • Hwanghae dialects (황해 방언). Spoken in the Hwanghae (Haesŏ) region of North Korea. Commonly included among the Central dialects, but do not fit there comfortably.
      • Yukchin dialect. Spoken in the historical Yukchin area of northern North Hamgyŏng province, far removed from P’yŏng’an, but has more in common with P’yŏng’an dialects than with the surrounding Hamgyŏng dialects.
    • Central dialects. Commonly divided along provincial boundaries:
      • Seoul dialect (서울말), also called Gyeonggi. Spoken in Gyeonggi, Incheon, Seoul (South Korea), and Kaesŏng (North Korea). The basis of the standard language.
      • Yeongseo dialects (영서 방언). Spoken in the Yeongseo region of Gangwon Province in South Korea and neighbouring Kangwŏn Province in North Korea, to the west of the Taebaek Mountains. Though commonly subsumed under Gangwon dialect (강원 방언), Yeongseo is quite distinct from the Yeongdong dialects to the east of the mountains.
      • Chungcheong dialects (충청 방언). Spoken in the Chungcheong (Hoseo) region of South Korea, including the city of Daejeon.
    • Yoengdong dialects (영동 방언). Spoken in the Yeongdong region of Gangwon Province in South Korea and neighbouring Kangwŏn Province in North Korea, to the east of the Taebaek Mountains. Though commonly subsumed under Gangwon dialect (강원 방언), Yeongdong is quite distinct from the Central Korean dialects to the east of the mountains.
    • Gyeongsang dialects (경상 방언), also called Southeastern dialects. Spoken in Gyeongsang (Yeongnam) region of South Korea, including the cities of Busan, Daegu, and Ulsan. This dialect is easily distinguished from the Seoul dialect because its pitch is more varied. Six vowels, i, e, a, eo, o, u.
    • Jeolla dialects (전라 방언), also called Southwestern dialects. Spoken in the Jeolla (Honam) region of South Korea, including the city of Gwangju. Ten vowels: i, e, ae, a, ü, ö, u, o, eu, eo.
    • Jeju dialect (제주 방언) is spoken on Jeju Island, off the southwest coast of South Korea, and is sometimes considered a separate Koreanic language. The nine vowels of Middle Korean, including arae-a (ɔ). May have additional consonants as well.

So, let we start from Seoul Dialect.

Seoul dialect always can find on all Korean programme. They’re always using Seoul dialect for their programme because Seoul dialect to used standart.

example

Hello
안녕하세요
an-nyeong-ha-se-yo


Hello? (on phone)
여보세요?
yeo-bo-sae-yo?

What’s wrong?
왜그래?
wae-geu-rae?

Kpop Idol who came from Seoul are

- Ajoo
- A-Narin
- Bae Doona
- Bae Jung Ok
- Baek Hyun Soo (Triple Effect)
- Bae Yongjoon; Mapo-gu
- B-Bomb (Block B)
- Black (Twi-light)
- Bom (2NE1)
- Boom [moved to Gyunggi-do]
- Chance (One Way) [moved to Koreatown, Los Angeles, California, U.S]
- Changmin (TVXQ)
- Chansung (2PM)
- Chris (Battle) [moved to Los Angeles, California, U.S]
- CL (2NE1) [moved to Tokyo, Japan]
- Daekyu (Tachyon)
- Daesung (BIG BANG)
- Dahee (La. G)
- Dongseon (RH)
- Dongwoon (BEAST)
- Eugene (S.E.S)
- Eunjung (T-ARA)
- Eunyul (G.IAM)
- E.via
- Gayoon (4Minute)
- G-Dragon (BIG BANG)
- Geunyoung (B.Dolls)
- Ghun (X-5)/Hwarang (3Chongsa)
- Gong Hyo Jin
- Goo Hye Sun
- Go Youngwook; Chungwoon-dong, Jongno-gu
- Haeryoung (EXID)
- Haewon (X-5)/Sasha (3Chongsa)
- Ha Ji Won
- Han Ji Min
- Hannah (May Queen)
- Hayeon (B.Dolls)
- Heechun (Twi-light)
- Heora
- Himchan (B.A.P)
- Hoick (AA)
- Honey (EXID)
- Hwanhee
- Hyojoon (A-JAX)
- Hyomin (T-ARA)
- Hyosuk (LED Apple)
- Hyuksung (Space Cowboy)
- Hyuna (4Minute)
- Hyungjoon (SS501)
- Hyungshik (ZE:A)
- Hyungyoung (Rainbow)
- I.an (La. G)
- Jaehyung (A-JAX)
- Jaekyung (Rainbow)
- Jaeyoon (Twi-light)
- Jang Geun Suk
- Jang Nara
- Jay (The BOSS)
- Jaerim (M.Peror)
- Jeon Ji Hyun
- Jieun (Piggy Dolls)
- Jieun (Secret)
- Jihee (Sunny Days)
- Ji-u (Chi Chi)
- Jiyeon (Piggy Dolls); Yangcheon-gu
- Jiyeon (T-ARA)
- Jiyoon (4Minute)
- Jonghun (F.T Island)
- Jonghyun (SHINee)
- Joon (MBLAQ); Jongno-gu
- Joowon (AA)
- Jo Sung Mo
- Jung So Min
- Jung Woo Sung
- Junhyung (BEAST)
- Junyoung (ZE:A)
- Juyeon (After School)
- Kangin (Super Junior)
- Keonu (LED Apple)
- Kibum (Super Junior)
- Kihyun (Battle)
- Kim Ah Joong
- Kimchi (AA)
- Kim Dong Ryul
- Kim Haneul
- Kim Heesun
- Kim Hyungjun (SS501)
- Kim Hyunjung (SS501)
- Kim Jae Won
- Kim Junghwa
- Kim Kap Soo
- Kim Minjong
- Kim Soyeon
- Kim Taewoo
- Kyuhyun (Super Junior)
- Kyumin (LED Apple)
- Kwanghee (ZE:A)
- Lee Boyoung
- Lee Dong Gun
- Lee Jaehak (Loveholic)
- Lee Jaehoon (Cool)
- Lee Jaewon (H.O.T/JTL)
- Lee Jihoon; Dobong-gu
- Lee Minho
- Lee Seung Chul
- Lee Seunggi
- Lee Sooyoung
- Leeteuk (Super Junior)
- Lee Yoonji
- Lee Yowon
- Lim Jeonghee
- Lio (Battle)
- L.Joe (Teen Top)
- Meilin
- Mika (The BOSS)
- Min (As One)
- Min (Miss A)
- Min Sun (Piggy Dolls)
- Myung Sebin
- Na Eun (A-Pink)
- Noah (BOYZ)
- Ock Juhyun (FIN.K.L)
- Paengi (Leader’S T)
- Park Bom (2NE1) [moved to Los Angeles, California, U.S; age 12/13]
- Park Jinhee
- Park Joon Hyung (g.o.d) [moved to Garden Grove, California, U.S]
- Park Jungmin (SS501)
- Park Kyung Lim
- Peter (One Way) [moved to Sydney, Australia]
- Rahyun (La. G)
- Rain
- Ricky (Teen Top); Sillim-dong, Gwanak-gu
- Ryu (Battle)
- Ryu Siwon
- Sanghyuk (Click B)
- Sangmi (RH)
- Seohyun (Girls Generation)
- Seomi (B.Dolls)
- Seo Taiji
- Seunghyun (LED Apple); Nowon-gu
- Seungyeon (KARA)
- Shin Ki Hyun
- Shin Minah
- Siwan (Twi-light)
- Siwon (Super Junior)
- So Jisub
- Song Seungheon
- Song Yoona
- Sooeun (Gangkiz)
- Soohyun (Sunny Days)
- Sori
- Soyeon; Jongno
- St. Day
- Sung Jin (Space Cowboy)
- Sung Joon
- Sungmoon (RH)
- Sunye (Wonder Girls)
- Taehun (ZE:A)
- Taemin (SHINee)
- Taesung (Twi-light)
- Taewoon (Co-Ed School); Mapo-gu
- Tanya (La. G)
- T.K (C-Clown)
- Tony An (H.O.T) [moved to Cerritos, California, U.S]
- T.O.P (Big Bang)
- Vega (G.IAM)
- Woosang (AA)
- Yeonshil (Leader’S T)
- Yewon (B.Dolls)
- Yonghwa (CN Blue) [moved to Busan; age 2]
- Yoochun (TVXQ) [moved to Fairfax, Virgina, U.S]
- Yoo Hana
- Yoo Jae Suk
- Yooji (EXID)
- Yoo Jitae
- Yoona (Girls Generation)
- Yoon Eun Hye
- Yoonyoung (A-JAX)
- Yooseul (Leader’S T)
- Yoseob (BEAST)
- Youngjun (LED Apple)
- Young Sky (One Way) [moved to Sydney, Australia and then to Los Angeles, California, U.S]
- Younha
- Zico (Block B); Mapo-gu
- Zin Taehwa (Battle)

Busan Dialect

example

You are pretty

예뿌네예

Ye-bbu-ne-ye

Did You Eat?

밥뭇나

Bab-mot-na

Thank You

고마 해라

Go-ma-hae-ra

Answer it

응답하라

Eung-dab-ha-ra

You also can hear Busan dialect when watch Answered 1997 or Simon D dialect is Busan.

Kpop Idol who came from Busan are

- An Jaemo
- Changmin (2AM) [moved to Kangnam-gu, Seoul]
- Choi Ji Woo
- Daehyun (B.A.P)
- Dongjoon (ZE:A)
- Eunji (A-Pink)
- Gong Yoo
- Hoya (Infinite)
- Hwichan (Battle)
- Jaehyo (Block B)
- Jang Hyuk
- Jenny (SKarf)
- Jonghyun (CN Blue)
- Jung Ga Eun
- Jun1 (BOYZ)
- Kangon (M.Peror)
- Kim Yoon Seok
- Lizzy (After School)
- Lee Junki
- Lua (La. G)
- Minhyun (NU’EST)
- Miu (Bella)
- Park Shiyeon
- Ren (NU’EST)
- Sandara (2NE1) [moved to Philippines; age 8]
- Sandeul (B1A4)
- Seungjin (A-JAX)
- Seyong (MYNAME)
- Simon D (Supreme Team)
- Siwan (ZE:A)
- Sunhwa (Secret)
- Taecyeon (2PM) [moved to Bedford, Massachusetts, U.S; age 12]
- Thunder (MBLAQ) [moved to Philippines; age 2]
- Wooyoung (2PM)
- Yesol (Leader’S T)

Jeju Island Dialect

example

Welcome
혼저옵서예
hon-jeo-op-seo-ye

Thank you
고맙수다
go-map-su-da

Nice to meet you
반갑수다
ban-gap-su-da

What are you doing?
뭐 햄수꽈?
mwo-haem-su-kkwa

Welcome. Thank you for visiting.
혼저옵서예. 초자와줭 고맙수다.
hon-jeo-op-seo-ye. cho-ja-wa-jwong-go-map-su-da.

Kpop idol who came from Jeju are

- Baekho (NU’EST)
- Heechul (ZE:A)
- Soyou (Sistar)

ChungCheong Dialect

The Chungcheong dialects of Korean (Hangul: 충청도 방언/사투리) are spoken in the Chungcheong (Hoseo) region of South Korea, including the city of Daejon.

Chungcheong dialect can be divided into two categories: the Northern Chungcheong dialect, notable for its similarity capital Gyeonggi region speech and the Southern dialect, closer to the Jeolla dialect. Chungcheong dialect is notable for its slow enunciations and unique jargon. It usually replaces the standard ~겠다 at the end of sentences with ‘~것다’ and uses phrases such as ‘기여’ (yes) instead of the standard ‘맞다’ or ‘근디’ (but) instead of ‘그런데’. Chungcheong people may occasionally pronounce the ending form ‘~이니까’ with ‘~이니께’. Similar to the Jeolla dialect, Chungcheong dialect often transforms the vowel ㅐ with ㅕ instead of ㅑ, which may be more common in other dialects. However due to the proliferation of Seoul standardization in cities such as Daejon, Chungcheong dialect is difficult to hear outside of the rural regions of the province

One way you will immediately recognize a typical Chungcheong dialect is the person will end their sentences with a “yoo” when using jondae mal instead of the standard “yeo”

example

Hello

안녕하세유

An-nyeong-ha-se-yu

Kpop Idol who came from Chungcheong are

- CNU (B1A4); Cheongju-si
- Han Hyo Joo; Cheongju-si
- Hyori; Cheongwon-gun
- Hyosung (Secret); Cheongju-si
- Lee Bum Soo; Cheongju-si
- Lee Seung Hyo; Cheongju-si
- Jieun (Secret); Cheongju-si
- Jinyoung (B1A4); Cheongju-si
- Maru (C-Clown); Cheongju-si
- Nana (After School); Cheongju-si
- Uhm Junghwa
- Uhm Taewoong

Gyeongsang Dialect

example

Hello? (on phone)

여보세예?

yeo-beo-sae-yae? 

What’s wrong?

와그라노 or 와카노

wa-geu-ra-no or wa-ka-no

Kpop Idol who came from Gyeongsang

- Chorong (A-Pink)
- Eunkyo (5Dolls, Co-Ed School); Changwon-si
- Go Ara; Jinju-si
- Hwang Jung Min; Masan-si
- Kang Ho Dong
- Kim Sungsoo (Cool)
- Lee Minki; Gimhae-si
- Minwoo (ZE:A); Yangsan-si
- Sangmin (Cross Gene); Jinju-si
- Sulli (f(x)); Yangsan-si [moved to Busan]
- Youngwon (Dalmatian); Tongyoung-si

Let me show you video sample for Korean dialect

B1A4 speaks dialect (Busan, Soonchun, Chungju, Gwangju, and Cheongju)

SHINee’s Key speaks in Daegu dialect [1]

SHINee’s Key speaks in Daegu dialect [2]

Apink’s Eun Ji vs Simon D Busan dialect

So that’s all I know about Korean dialect. Hope this information is useful ^^

사랑해요, I love you~ <3

Anandayuhee

credit: soompi.com | wikipedia.com | youtube.com (as tagged) | kpoplist.com

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About anandayuhee

Radio Announcer | Korean Translator | Duble Sidekick Lover| @Anandayuhee on twitter | 1004subs.blogspot.com

Posted on October 7, 2012, in Buzz Korea, Korea, Kpop Idol and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

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